The architrave was as soon as hung with wreaths and embellished with shields. The well-known frieze of the cella, which represented in marble an incredible procession, and which ran around the exterior wall of the sanctuary, is now in items, a few of that are within the British Museum, and a few in Athens. A portion of this frieze should be seen on the west entrance of the temple. The cella had a ceil-ing of painted wooden. On certainly one of its inside partitions I noticed traces of pink Byzantine figures, one apparently a determine of the Virgin.
These date from the interval when the Parthenon was used as a Christian church, and was devoted to Mary the mom of God, earlier than it turned a mosque, and, later, a Turkish pow-der-magazine. The white marble ground, which consists of nice blocks completely fitted collectively, and with none becoming a member of substance, contrasts strongly with the nice and cozy hues of the inside flutes of the Doric columns. Right here and there within the marble partitions could also be seen fragments of pink and of yellow brick. From throughout the Parthenon, searching between the columns, you possibly can see magnificent views of nation and sea.
Two different temples type a part of the Acropolis, with the Propylaea and the Parthenon, the Temple of Athene Nike and the Erechtheum. They’re completely totally different from the profoundly masculine Parthenon, and nearly resemble two lovely feminine attendants upon it, accentuating by their delicate grace its majesty.
The Temple of Nike may be very small. It stands on a jutting bastion simply outdoors the Propylsea, and has been rebuilt from the unique supplies, which had been dug up out of lots of amassed garbage. It’s
Ionic, has a colonnade, is manufactured from Pentelic marble, and was as soon as adorned with a sequence of winged victories in bas-relief.
Ionic just like the Temple of Nike, however a lot bigger, the Erechtheum stands past the Propylsea, and never removed from the Parthenon, on the fringe of the precipice beneath which lies the larger a part of Athens. A marvelously private aspect attaches to it and makes it distinctive, giving it a appeal which units it aside from all different buildings. To search out this you could go to the southwest, to the gorgeous Porch of the Caryatids, which seems towards the Parthenon.
There are six of those caryatids
There are six of those caryatids, or maidens, standing upon a excessive parapet of marble and sup-porting a marble roof. 5 of them are white, and one is a kind of yellowish black in colour, as if she had as soon as been black, however, having been singled out from her fellows, had been kissed for therefore a few years by the rays of the solar that her unique hue had turn into modified, brightened by his fires. 4 of the maidens stand in a line. Two stand behind, on either side of the portico. They put on flowing draperies, their hair flows down over their shoulders, they usually assist their burden of marble with a kind of beautiful submissiveness, like maidens selecting to carry out a grateful and a straightforward activity that brings with it no lack of self-respect.