It was identified from the Babylonian Chronicle that Nineveh fell to the mixed forces of the Medes and Babylonians within the yr 612 B.C. and that the King of Assyria thereupon fled north-westward to Harran, the place a short and unsuccessful try was made to rehabilitate his court docket. In 610 B.C. the Assyrian monarchy and authorities ceased to exist. It’s accordingly sure that from 612 B.C. onwards Calah (Nimrud) may now not have been in Assyrian fingers.
Now, the proof obtained whereas excavating the constructing at Nimrud referred to as Fort Shalmaneser, confirmed that the primary destruction of the town, a violent conflagration, was adopted very shortly afterwards by a partial reoccupation. The truth that this was an orderly reoccupation beneath Assyrian authority may very well be inferred from the simultaneous set up in standard positions of “foundation-boxes” containing magical collectible figurines, and likewise from the absence of any change within the ceramic typography. Some try had furthermore been made to salvage invaluable objects from the ruins brought on by the fireplace and the mutilated ivory furnishings had been rigorously stacked.
Right here then had been indicators of a deliberate try by the Assyrian authorities to re-establish order within the metropolis. And this should clearly have taken place earlier than the sack of Nineveh maybe within the earlier yr, 613 B.c., when it’s identified from the Chronicle that Assyrian fortunes briefly recovered. This then would counsel that the unique holocaust at Calah might need been in 614 B.c. The absence of enterprise paperwork dated later than the earlier yr would level to this and certainly, we all know that the identical yr noticed the destruction of two different well-known Assyrian cities, Assur and Tarbisu. An image is thus created of two phases within the remaining conquest of Assyria, with a respite in between throughout which a brief phantasm of safety returned to the residents of Calah.
Many historic particulars recovered at Nimrud
That is however considered one of many historic particulars recovered at Nimrud. Twelve successive seasons of excavating, throughout which the written information had been scrupulously associated to the stratigraphical proof, have thus added the ultimate paragraphs to a chapter of Assyrian historical past whose restoration was initiated by Layard simply over 100 years in the past. Even Collingwood would maybe have hesitated to complain that museums had been consequently “choked” with Nimrud ivories.
In these final paragraphs we have now touched, albeit briefly, on the extra necessary concerns ordinarily affecting the selection of a web site for excavation. Some excavators have been seen working over large geographical areas of their seek for proof which could contribute to the answer of particular issues. Others we have now watched successfully probing such issues at websites whose choice had been ruled by different and irrelevant concerns.